Analyses examples

Analyses examples#

Bool and category axes#

Taken together, the flexibility in axes and the tools to easily sum over axes can be applied to transform the way you approach analysis with histograms. For example, let’s say you are presented with the following data in a 3xN table:





True or False


A collection of integers

In a traditional analysis, you might bin over value where is_valid is True, and then make a collection of histograms, one for each run number. With hist, you can make a single histogram, and use an axis for each:

value_ax = hist.axis.Regular(100, -5, 5)
bool_ax = hist.axis.Integer(0, 2, underflow=False, overflow=False)
run_number_ax = hist.axis.IntCategory([], growth=True)

Now, you can use these axes to create a single histogram that you can fill. If you want to get a histogram of all run numbers and just the True is_valid selection, you can use a sum:

h1 = hist[:, True, sum]

You can expand this example to any number of dimensions, boolean flags, and categories.